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  • 温远光,周晓果,朱宏光,刘世荣,王磊,蔡道雄,贾宏炎,明安刚,卢立华.桉树生态营林的理论探索与实践[J].广西科学,2019,26(2):159-175.    [点击复制]
  • WEN Yuanguang,ZHOU Xiaoguo,ZHU Hongguang,LIU Shirong,WANG Lei,CAI Daoxiong,JIA Hongyan,MING Angang,LU Lihua.Theoretical Exploration and Practices of Ecological Management in Eucalyptus Plantations[J].Guangxi Sciences,2019,26(2):159-175.   [点击复制]
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桉树生态营林的理论探索与实践
温远光1, 周晓果1, 朱宏光1, 刘世荣2, 王磊1, 蔡道雄3, 贾宏炎3, 明安刚3, 卢立华3
0
(1.广西大学林学院, 广西森林生态与保育重点实验室, 广西南宁 530004;2.中国林业科学研究院森林生态与保护研究所, 北京 100091;3.中国林业科学研究院热带林业实验中心, 广西凭祥 532600)
摘要:
桉树生态环境问题是世界性难题,迫切需要开展生态营林理论的探索与实践。本文通过系统地研究营林措施与人工林生态服务功能关系的变化规律,分析不同营林措施对桉树人工林生态服务功能的作用机制,并通过桉树生态营林实践,建立起现代桉树生态营林理论体系。文中提出生态营林的定义、生态营林原则和生态营林的理论体系。6年的生态营林实践表明,采取"低干扰、低投入、低污染"的生态营林方式,获得"高产量、高价值、高效率"的营林效果,实现长短结合、一般用材与珍贵用材结合、木材生产与生态服务协同提升的生态营林目标。该理论是解决当今桉树人工林木材生产和生态服务失衡以及生物安全、土壤安全、生态安全问题,实现高质量发展的重要理论基础,对推动我国现代林业高质量发展具有重要的指导作用。
关键词:  桉树  生态营林理论  生态营林实践  木材生产与生态服务协同  高质量发展
DOI:10.13656/j.cnki.gxkx.20190419.012
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31860171,31560201),广西重点研发计划项目(2018AB40007),广西自然科学基金项目(2016GXNSFBA380222,2017GXNSFAA198114),广西高等学校重大科研项目(201201ZD001),广西森林生态与保育重点实验室开放课题(QZKFKT2017-01)和广西林业厅科研项目(桂林科字[2009]第八号)资助。
Theoretical Exploration and Practices of Ecological Management in Eucalyptus Plantations
WEN Yuanguang1, ZHOU Xiaoguo1, ZHU Hongguang1, LIU Shirong2, WANG Lei1, CAI Daoxiong3, JIA Hongyan3, MING Angang3, LU Lihua3
(1.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Conservation, Forestry College, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi, 530004, China;2.Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091, China;3.Experimental Center of Tropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry Sciences, Pingxiang, Guangxi, 532600, China)
Abstract:
The ecological environmental problem of Eucalyptus is a worldwide conundrum, and it is urgent to to explore and practice the ecological management theory. In this study, we systematically studied the changing law of the relationships between management measures and ecological service functions of plantations, analyzed the mechanism of effects of different management measures on the ecological service functions of Eucalyptus plantations, and established the modern ecological management system through the practice of ecological management in Eucalyptus plantations. The definition, principle and theory system of ecological management were put forward in this study. The 6-year ecological management practice showed that the ecological forest management mode of "low disturbance, low input and low pollution" had achieved the management effect of "high yield, high value and high efficiency", and achieved synergistic improvement of combining length-and short-rotation, general and precious timber, and wood production and ecological service. This theory is an important theoretical basis for solving the imbalance between wood production and ecological services in Eucalyptus plantations, as well as the problems of biological safety, soil safety and ecological safety, and achieving high-quality development. Therefore, it plays an important guiding role in promoting the high-quality development of modern forestry in China.
Key words:  Eucalyptus  ecological management theory  ecological management practices  synergy of timber production and ecological functions  high-quality development

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